Buffalo are predominantly grazers. A
list of grass species eaten by buffalo has been compiled
from three major studies. A significant proportion of these
species occur in Namibia, as indicated in the table. This
is by no means a complete list and it is likely that many
species which occur in Namibia and which are not on the
list would also be acceptable food for buffalo.
utilisation and trampling of old stands of grass is important
for other species in opening them up and making the
new growth available to them.
It is also well documented that buffalo include a small
proportion of woody browse plants in their diet during the
dry season. Pienaar (1969) records
- Securinega spp
Taylor (1985) studied the response of buffalo to the grass
Panicum repens on the shores of Lake Kariba in Zimbabwe
where buffalo numbers increased from some 800 animals in
1974 to over 3,000 (a density of 8 buffalo/km2) in 1983.
All of the Panicum species recorded by researchers in southern
Africa as preferred by buffalo (P. coloratum, P. maximum,
P. repens) occur in a broad swathe across southern Africa
and are present in the northern areas of Namibia.