Buidling on previous related reserach in Namibia (supported by NNF since 2006) the purpose of this project is population and conflict assessment of the African wild dog with a focus on the Greater Mangetti Complex, Kavango Region, north-east Namibia. The study area includes about 40 farms and covers approximately 200 000 hectares, where wild dog packs are regularly sighted and farmer-predator conflict threatens their long-term survival.
The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is both Africa's and Namibia's most endangered large mammal and one of the world's most endangered carnivores. Wild dogs represent a challenge for modern conservation because viable populations require vast areas to persist - yet Africa's rising human population offers, in most regions, smaller and smaller areas for wildlife conservation.
The number of African wild dogs has declined dramatically over the past 30 years. Formerly distributed throughout 39 sub-Saharan countries, today between 3,000-5,000 animals remain in perhaps 14 countries and current estimates for Namibia are between approximately 300 and 600 animals. Even though listed as Endangered (C1) by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) since 1977 and protected under law throughout most of their range, the population continues to decline.